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Abstract


EXAMINATION OF ABBAS SAYAR’S NOVELS IN TERMS OF SOCIOLOGY OF LITERATURE
Taking advantage of many different disciplines to examine literary works, presents various opportunities to researchers for better understanding both author and his work. Sociology of literature, which explain the author and his work with social data, also want to make a social archeology by the author and his work, by aiming to bring together literature and sociology on the same axis. Consideration of certain themes in a certain period with a study performed in this manner, is important in terms of understanding the mentality of the society as well as it provides the author and his work come into prominence. Sociology of literature states that work of art should be considered not only as an aesthetic work but also as a social phenomenon. Because, society’s social, political and cultural conditions have a decisive role on birth of the author and emergence of his work in the community’s. In this context, Abbas Sayar (1923-1999), who began to literature with poetry and then directed to novel, makes enable to evaluate his novels in context of sociology of literature by looking to Middle Anatolian peasants, which are mentioned in his novels, with Zizek’s words ‘a skewed view’. Sayar, brings a different understanding to novels with village rhetoric which has discussed since the Tanzimat but became popular after 1950 and resemble each other by writing with an ideological-utopian insight. The author discusses people’s sociology as someone who knows them not from the outside but from inside, as well as considers the themes that remind the attitude in previously written novels with village rhetoric. In present study, sociological examination is conducted by focusing on ‘author’ and ‘work’ elements of four elements identify as “author”, “work”, “reader” and “media / distribution” in literature sociology method of Robert Escarpit. After determining the outlines of peasant characters, in novels, the village’s social, political and cultural structures are demonstrated.

Keywords
Literature, Sociology, Village, Novel, Abbas Sayar.



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